Iceland’s Silfra Snorkeling Experience: 15 Important Tips + FAQ

With its beautiful, extremely clear water and bucket-list-worthy status as the only place on the planet where you can swim between two tectonic plates, it’s safe to say that a Silfra snorkeling tour is among the most unique Iceland travel experiences.

From marveling at the magnificent views to knowing what exactly it feels like to snorkel in such icy water, our experience snorkeling in Silfra fissure in Thingvellir National Park is not one that we’ll forget anytime soon.

If you’re planning a trip to Iceland and hoping to experience Silfra fissure for yourself, here’s everything you need to know before you go!

snorkel silfra fissure iceland view from underwater
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What’s it like to snorkel Silfra?

There are two facts that sum up our experience snorkeling between tectonic plates in Iceland: it was extremely beautiful and unique, and it was fairly physically uncomfortable.

The water in Silfra is cold— between 2°C and 4°C, or 35°F and 39°F–year-round.

And, while dry suits and other snorkeling gear can keep you safe, they won’t exactly keep you cozy!

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That being said, floating through the water in Silfra, carried gently along by the very calm current, and staring into the depths below was a mesmerizing experience.

We’re very glad we took a Silfra snorkeling tour (this is the one we booked–more details on that below!), but honestly, when we return to Iceland, it’s probably not an experience we’ll undertake again.

Like other memorable but uncomfortable travel experiences, such as climbing Volcano Acatenango in Guatemala, snorkeling Silfra fissure falls solidly under the category of “once was exactly the right number of times” for us.

kate storm snorkeling silfra fissure thingvellir national park
So glad to have this memory… but I was frigid when this photo was taken!

Our Silfra Snorkeling Tour

We booked this popular tour in order to snorkel Silfra, which included everything from the necessary safety gear, to photos of ourselves snorkeling Silfra, to providing much-needed hot chocolate after we got out of the water.

Most importantly, our tour included an excellent, thorough guide who constantly checked on our comfort and safety every step of the way, from the process of suiting up to the actual Silfra experience to handing our gear back in and warming up after the fact.

Even the souvenir photos came quickly: we had them by the end of the day!

We wouldn’t hesitate to recommend our tour in the slightest for visitors hoping to enjoy a Silfra snorkeling experience.

Book your Silfra snorkeling tour today!

Jeremy Storm silfra snorkeling tour as seen from underwater
Can you recognize Jeremy here?

What exactly is Silfra?

Silfra is a fissure between two of the Earth’s tectonic plates, located in Þingvallavatn Lake in Thingvellir (in Icelandic, Þingvellir) National Park.

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In other words, it’s located less than an hour from Reykjavik and right along Iceland’s popular Golden Circle.

The fissure is located between the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates, and is the only place in the world where you can snorkel between tectonic plates!

silfra thingvellir national park
This is what Silfra looks like from above the water: pretty enough, but not nearly as gorgeous it appears as underwater!

The water that fills Silfra is melted from Langjökull Glacier (the second-largest glacier in Iceland), and after leaving the glacier, it is filtered through lava rock for 30-100 years before reaching the fissure.

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As a result, Silfra is famously home to some of the cleanest and clearest water in the world, with a visibility of about 100 meters at any time!

And, as your tour guide will no doubt tell you, the water is perfectly safe to drink, and you’re more than welcome to take a few sips during your tour.

blue waters of iceland silfra fissure

9 Important Silfra Snorkeling Tips

Be prepared to be uncomfortable.

From standing around for almost an hour putting on piece of gear after piece of gear to being cold in the water, snorkeling Silfra is exciting but not, shall we say, cozy.

I’ll admit, I don’t have much cold tolerance, so I’m a bit biased here–but Jeremy tends to do great in the cold, and by the end of our Silfra snorkeling experience, he was more than ready to be out of the water and warming up.

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Is this a reason to skip snorkeling in Thingvellir National Park?

I don’t think so: snorkeling between tectonic plates in Iceland is an incredibly unique experience, and it’s worth the discomfort!

But, as I mentioned above–we don’t plan to go a second time.

Some things are meant to be experienced exactly once in a lifetime!

silfra snorkel tour group at the entrance
Our tour group all suited up, the result of lots of work done by our guide and lots of patience from the rest of us!

Book your Silfra snorkeling tour in advance.

As one of the most popular things to do in Iceland, Silfra snorkeling tours book up fast–especially in the popular summer season.

We highly recommend booking your Silfra tour as far in advance as you can if you’re traveling during high season!

Book your Silfra snorkeling tour today!

person underwater in thingvellir snorkeling iceland

Wear the right clothes.

The best clothes to wear to Silfra are thin, warm layers–think thermal underwear like this and wool socks.

I wore these fleece-lined leggings, which offered a bit of much-needed extra warmth.

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You want the clothes to be thin, as you’ll layer many things provided by your tour company on top of them, starting with a soft, thermal bodysuit–but start with something warm.

Be sure to also bring layers to put on after you get out of the water.

You’ll want to warm up as soon as possible once you take off your drysuit!

snorklets in silfra fissure as seen from above

You’ll only be in the water for about half an hour.

You’ll notice that most Silfra snorkeling tours will note that they take 2+ hours to complete–but most of that time is not spent in the water, it’s spent getting ready.

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Your guide will need to check each person’s gear, piece by piece, and help ensure that it’s properly fitted. With a bigger group, this takes time!

You’ll also need to walk a short distance to and from the staging area to the metal steps leading into the Silfra fissure.

metal steps leading into silfra iceland
This is where you’ll enter Silfra Fissure!

… But I promise, it’s enough!

The time you spend in Silfra itself is generally plenty for most participants, us included.

The fissure is incredibly beautiful and a literally unique place, but it’s not a particularly varied landscape. Half an hour or so is more than enough to soak it up!

At the end of the fissure, there’s a fairly shallow area where our guide offered to let participants spend another 10 minutes or so snorkeling–and only a couple of people took him up on it.

Most of us were ready to get warm by that point!

jeremy storm on a silfra snorkeling tour as seen underwater

You can’t back out.

Once you step flipper-first into the waters of Silfra fissure and let the (very gentle) current start carrying you away, that’s it: you’re committed to snorkeling Silfra.

There’s nowhere to exit the fissure throughout the duration of your tour, as the surrounding area is a protected landscape.

You’ll have a chance to turn around right when you get in the water if you absolutely must, but after that, sit back and relax, because there’s no other option.

two people in iceland snorkeling silfra as seen from below

Speak up as you’re getting your gear on.

If something is too tight, too loose, or feels generally uncomfortable as you get ready to snorkel Silfra, be sure to say something right then!

Once you’re in the water, it’s too late.

snorkeler in a shallow area snorkeling in iceland

If you want photos of yourself snorkeling Silfra fissure, book a tour that includes them!

You can’t effectively take photos while taking a standard Silfra snorkeling tour–many of the photos in this Silfra blog post are stock photos for that reason–but you can book a tour that includes photos!

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We’re so glad that we have photos of our Silfra experience, even if–to be quite honest–the combination of dry suits and neoprene hoods means that we had to look fairly closely at the underwater photos to pick ourselves out in half of them, let alone identifying other people.

Our guide took photos on a GoPro and sent them to us by the end of the day.

It’s a fantastic way to relive what is, for us, most likely a once-in-a-lifetime experience snorkeling in Iceland.

kate storm on silfra snorkeling tour as seen underwater
I can barely recognize myself here, quite honestly–but I’m still happy this photo exists!

Keep the (lack of) bathroom access in mind.

From the time you start putting on gear until after you’ve completely finished your tour, you won’t have access to a toilet.

This appears to be a common issue, as the guides continually reminded people about it as they checked in for their Silfra snorkeling tours, and strongly encouraged one last bathroom break before starting to get dressed.

In other words, don’t down a few cups of coffee and then immediately head off to Silfra!

bright blue water of silfra iceland

FAQ About Snorkeling Silfra in Iceland

Can you visit Silfra as a day trip from Reykjavik?

Yes, you absolutely can!

Silfra is located less than an hour from Reykjavik by car, making it very doable to swim between tectonic plates even if you have very limited time to explore Iceland.

If you’re renting a car in Iceland, you can easily book a snorkeling tour and drive to Silfra yourself (keep in mind that you will need to pay for parking in the national park).

If you’re not renting a car, this popular Golden Circle day trip leaves from Reykjavik and includes a Silfra snorkeling experience, as well as other popular Golden Circle sights like Geysir and Gullfoss!

Book your Silfra day trip from Reykjavik today!

snorkel iceland silfra

What do you need to bring when snorkeling Silfra?

Not much!

Beyond the warm, thin clothing we discussed above, you’ll also want to bring additional layers to wear before and after snorkeling, a towel to get rid of any excess water, and maybe some snacks for after you finish.

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You’ll need to leave your shoes, any bags, and/or any valuables like your phone in a locked chest with the tour company before walking over to the Silfra entry point.

It’s best to bring as little with you as possible!

2 people snorkeling in iceland, one is taking a photo of the other

What about diving Silfra instead?

For divers with 10 logged dry suit dives or a dry suit certification (or who are willing to spend a couple of days in Silfra to get one), you can also scuba dive Silfra instead of snorkeling it!

While the views look extraordinary, general advice seems to be that, due to the small space that makes up Silfra, the diving experience isn’t extremely different from the snorkeling one.

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We felt no desire to spend the time to get dry suit certified in order to experience the same fissure from a deeper vantage point–and quite honestly, as we were snorkeling Silfra, the prospect of diving deeper into the icy water was not exactly appealing.

That being said, if you’re a passionate diver who already has their certification, you may want to book a tour to dive Silfra instead of snorkeling it!

Book your Silfra dive now!

person scuba diving silfra thingvellir national park

Can you take a Silfra snorkeling tour in winter?

Yes, you can!

Personally, I hate being cold so much that I may or may not agree to take one, but the water in Silfra never freezes, and the tour we took is offered year-round.

Our friend Amanda and her husband took a Silfra snorkeling tour in November, and she loved it (he was reportedly a bit put-off by the cold).

snow covered path leading to silfra fissure in thingvellir national park

How long is a Silfra snorkeling tour?

Most Silfra snorkeling tours advertise themselves as lasting between 2 hours (without transport) and 4 hours (with transport).

When planning a trip to Iceland, we recommend dedicating half a day to a Silfra snorkeling experience.

two photos taken underwater of silfra fissure, black and pink text on a white background reads "15 essential tips silfra iceland"
About Kate Storm
Image of the author, Kate Storm

In May 2016, I left my suburban life in the USA and became a full-time traveler. Since then, I have visited 50+ countries on 5 continents and lived in Portugal, developing a special love of traveling in Europe (especially Italy) along the way. Today, along with my husband Jeremy and dog Ranger, I’m working toward my eventual goal of splitting my life between Europe and the USA.

14 thoughts on “Iceland’s Silfra Snorkeling Experience: 15 Important Tips + FAQ”

  1. Thank you for the detailed information! I am signed up to do this next week. It says you need to be a strong swimmer. I was wondering what you thought about that. It seems like the dry suit keeps you pretty buoyant. I can swim a little, but for an hour I am not that strong. Wanted to see what you thought!

    Thank you so much!

    • Hmm… honestly this is a tough one because I am a strong swimmer, so take my opinion with a grain of salt!

      That being said, the drysuit does keep you very buoyant, and the current keeps you moving. You do need to be comfortable in the water, and the guide will ask you to flip from your stomach onto your back to prove you can get air if needed–but that’s about it as far as the actual swimming goes!

      You certainly don’t need to know any specific strokes, be able to go fast, etc–physically, it’s a pretty leisurely activity once you’re in the water.

  2. Hi there! My family and I are traveling to Iceland in June and my mother is very weary of this activity after reading reviews about accidents that have happened when there were leaks in peoples dry suits. We are doing our tour through Adventure Vikings and I was wondering if you felt safe or had any concerns throughout the excursion! I still really want to do it and would love your perspective. Also, is it hard to swim against the current on your way back? Thanks!

    • Hi Katie!

      My suit did actually have a small leak in it. It wasn’t enough to be concerning or make me feel unsafe, but the front of my shirt was damp when we got out of the water and changed. That alone wouldn’t be enough to stop me from doing the activity again if I wanted to, though!

      We felt perfectly safe the whole time, no concerns there. While you’re not allowed to touch the shore due to environmental concerns, you’re never more than a few feet from it during the whole activity.

      You also don’t swim back! After floating downstream to the ending point of the Silfra experience, you get out of the water and then walk back to the starting point to get changed. It’s a bit chilly, but you don’t go very far and don’t have to swim. :-)

  3. This is so helpful–thank you! If I really wanted to just get in and out, could I see how pretty it is from the steps and then bail? I just don’t know that I can do the cold water!!!

    • Honestly, it’s not nearly as much to look at from above!

      If you’d rather not snorkel (which I totally get–it’s not for everyone), I’d recommend just skipping Silfra entirely.

      Iceland has far more beautiful places than anyone can see in one lifetime anyway, you won’t be short of options! :-)

  4. My husband & I went to Iceland @ the beginning of June. This was one of the excursions that I really wanted to do! Your review is very accurate! I just turned 60 for those travelers wondering if it is doable for the older crowd. I didn’t really notice the cold too much. Amazing clarity of the water! I felt I had to swim a little more than just float, especially at the end. Guides were very knowledgeable & attentive! You do have the option of bailing right when you get in the water. I agree – experience of a lifetime, but once was enough! Teresa from OHio

  5. Hello,

    Thank you for all this information. I am going with two friends in November. They really want to do this. I am very torn. I hate to miss any great experience but saw that if you have back issues, which I have, it is not recommended. Do you know why? Also, if you bail at the last minute do you get you money back? Lastly, what would happen if someone could not make it back and you are unable to touch the banks? I suppose someone would then tow you? I would hate to be that person! Yikes.

    • Hi Lisa!

      I understand, it’s a hard call!

      I’m not a doctor and not sure about the back issues–you may want to ask the company about that. There’s no heavy lifting involved, though the suits are certainly heavier than normal clothes.

      No, as far as I know, you won’t get your money back if you bail last minute, as you’ve already taken the spot.

      I assume that in the event of not being able to make it to the end that someone would tow you, but I would imagine that’s fairly unlikely!

      The current really does most of the work, it’s less swimming and more floating. When you initially get in the water, the guides will run a very quick test making sure that you can comfortably flip yourself over, but that’s about the most exerting part of the process of being in the water.

      And, since you’ll exit the water at a different place than where you started, you never have to move against the current.

  6. Hi, I’m wondering if someone has ever done the wetsuit option? How much colder is that? I’m thinking of going in early November, but don’t want to be completely freezing! :O

    • Hi Kara,

      You definitely wear a wetsuit year-round! The water temperature is fairly consistent throughout the year–it’s only the outside air that changes dramatically (which admittedly can make getting in and out very uncomfortable).

  7. Hi what is the length we have to float/swim to reach the exit point? I am not a strong swimmer, 72 yrs old but heard that the dry suit is bouyant so it helps with the floating/swimming

    • Hi Sayie,

      I’m not sure of the exact distance, but we were in the water for about 30 minutes and you move VERY slowly. More of a drift than anything, with one very brief exception when rounding a corner.

      As far as swimming strength, I’d recommend asking one of the tour guides what they think of your skill level before committing to booking. It’s not a challenging experience in the sense that you don’t need any specific strokes, to pull yourself against a strong current, etc, but you do need to be comfortable in the water!


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